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Human & Organizational Learning

A guide for GW graduate students in the Human & Organizational Learning (HOL) and Executive Leadership Program (ELP)

Citation Help!

Citation Managers ( ex:  RefWorks) let you:

  • Import citations from the library catalog and databases
  • Store and organize citations
  • Add research notes
  • Format in-text citations
  • Create bibliographies in different citation styles

Citation Style Guides (ex:  APA) show you how to:

  • Document the sources you are using in your work
  • Create citations manually for all types of sources
  • Embed quotations and paraphrases properly in your text

Why Cite?

There are several reasons why it is important to cite your sources properly.

  • It is important to give credit to the person or group who discovered or created that information.
  • It allows your reader to find the source later if she wants to read it herself.
  • Citing experts gives credibility to the argument of your paper.
  • Proper citing indicates that you did a thorough job researching your topic.

What Information Goes Into a Citation?

There are guidelines of what to include and in what order for every citation style.  Here are the basics for the two most common sources.

For an article: 

  • author
  • article title
  • name of the journal, newspaper, or magazine
  • publication year
  • volume & issue
  • page numbers
  • DOI or stable URL if accessed online

For a book: 

  • author
  • title of work
  • publication year
  • city
  • publisher's name
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