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Frantz Fanon (1925 - 1961): His Life and Legacy: Impact on Black Consciousness Movements

Thinkers and Movements Inspired by Fanon

Black Panthers

Stokely Carmichael

Huey P. Newton

Eldridge Cleaver

Malcolm X

Amilcar Cabral

Maulana Karenga

Black Consciousness

Steve Biko

Ali Shariati

Bobby Sands

Occupy Wall Street

Impact on the Civil Rights Movement in the United States

Members of the American Black Panther party, late 1960s.

Frantz Fanon was a significant influence on the black power movement in the United States and one of the most often cited intellectual inspirations of black militant groups.

​The books and journal articles that discuss Fanon's influence on the Black Power movement below provide more information on the topic. The full text of some articles is only available to Gelman patrons and may require login.

South Africa

The Black Consciousness Movement was an activist movement that emerged from the political vacuum that was created after the apartheid government in South Africa banned and jailed the leadership of the African National Congress (ANC) and the Pan African Congress (PAC) in the 1960s. Frantz Fanon's work greatly influenced Steve Biko, the leader of the Black Consciousness Movement.

The articles below provide more information on the topic. The full text of some articles is only available to Gelman patrons and may require login.

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