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Data & Statistics Research Guide: How to Cite

This guide is a collection of all of the data and statistics-related research guides.

Why should I cite data?

Much like journal articles, data are seen as a research product. Citing data is an acknowledgement of the original work created  by the author(s) or producer(s). It enables readers to locate, identify, and analyze the original data created by these author(s) or producer(s). Research takes time and a lot of hard work, so by citing a researcher's data, you are giving them their due credit and also increasing the quality of your own scholarship by showing what literature and resources you've investigated to form your own conclusions.

 

 

How to Cite Data and Statistics

Citing data is very similar to citing journal articles. Unfortunately, data citation has not yet been officially standardized, so there can be some variations. So, here is what you should know in order to properly cite your data:

  • Use the citation provided by the data archive or repository.
  • Format the data citation based on your chosen style manual (APA, Chicago, CSE, MLA). Every data citation should include: Author, Date of Publication, Title, Producer(s) or Distributor(s), and Electronic Location or Identifier.  

Examples

Citation from ICPSR

ICPSR Example Data Citation

APA

ABC News. (2007). ABC News Education Poll, February 1990. (ICPSR version) [data file and codebook]. Radnor, PA: Chilton Research Services [producer]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor]. doi:10.3886/ICPSR09440.v1

Chicago Style

ABC News. 2007. ABC News Education Poll, February 1990. ICPSR version. Radnor, PA: Chilton Research Services. Distributed by Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. doi:10.3886/ICPSR09440.v1.

MLA

ABC News. ABC News Education Poll, February 1990. ICPSR version. Radnor, PA: Chilton Research Services [producer]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-01-26. Web. 11 Mar 2015. doi:10.3886/ICPSR09440.v1

This information has been adapted from the IASSIST Quick Guide to Data Citation and the MSU How to Cite Data Research Guide.

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