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Citation Style Guides: Home

This guide provides information on the major forms of citation styles.

GW Writing Resources

Citation Help!

Citation Managers let you

  • Import citations from the catalog and databases
  • Store and organize citations
  • Add research notes
  • Format in-text citations
  • Create bibliographies in different citation styles

Citation Style Guides show you how to

  • Document the sources you are using in your work
  • Create citations manually for all types of sources
  • Embed quotations and paraphrases properly in your text

Getting Started

What is a Citation Style Guide? It's a handbook that describes the accepted format for citing the resources and references you used in your research papers, theses, articles, etc.

Don't know which citation style to use?

  • Use APA for papers in psychology, education, and the other social sciences.
  • Use MLA for papers in literature, arts, and humanities.
  • Use Chicago for books, magazines, newspapers, etc.

  •  Turabian is designed for college students to use with all subjects.


  • AMA (Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library Guide) : medicine, health, and biological sciences.
  • ASA : sociology.
  • APSA : political science, international studies.
  • IEEE: engineering.
  • (here is a Complete Discipline Listing, from OWL)

What is a citation?

A citation is the information needed to locate the article (or book).

For articles, a complete citation generally includes:

  • The author's name 
  • The title of the article 
  • The name of the magazine or journal in which it is located 
  • The volume number of the magazine or journal (and sometimes the issue number) 
  • The page numbers on which the article is located 
  • The date when the article was published

For books, a complete citation generally includes:

  • The author's name 
  • The title of the book 
  • The publication date
  • The city in which the book was published 
  • The book's publisher

Citations are also used to help readers of your papers find the information you used.

About Me

Dolsy Smith
Gelman Library, Rm 551

The George Washington University

(202) 689-5284

Schedule a research appointment with Dolsy.
GW Libraries • 2130 H Street NW • Washington DC